Spelt pasta with increased content of functional components
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This paper investigates the effects of addition of flax seed, sesame seed, or eggs (10 g/100 g of sample and 20 g/100 g of sample) in spelt flour to obtain new pasta products with improved ω-3/ω-6 ratio and minerals profile. Gas chromatography with mass spectrometry was used for carrying out a quantitative analysis of the liposoluble pasta extract. Post-hoc Tukey’s HSD test at 95% confidence limit showed significant differences between observed samples. Daily average consumption of 75 g of spelt pasta containing 20 g flax seed/100 g of sample contributes to essential fatty acids intake of 3.8 g and improved ω-6/ω-3 ratio (1:2.4). The obtaind results indicate that the investigated spelt pasta samples are new products with improved nutritional properties due to higher level of ω-3 fatty acids and minerals content (Ca, Zn, Cu and Fe). Pasta (PS 7) with 20 g/100 g of eggs has the best sensory quality (maximum scores for odor, texture, flavor and overall acceptability were 8.8, 8.9, 8.9 and 8.9, respectively).